General EDP abbreviations

ADSL - ADSL stands for Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line and is a connection method for Internet connections. It is the most commonly used connection method for an Internet connection that works over the telephone line. This method allows simultaneous functioning of telephony and Internet through one connection or line.

ADWARE - is a portmanteau of advertisment and software. It refers to software that displays advertisements to the user in addition to the actual functionality or installs additional software that displays advertisements. Adware is usually free of charge and functionally unrestricted. By marketing the advertising space, the development costs are covered or a profit is made. Often there is also an option to get an ad-free full version against payment. Some adware is also spyware and collects information about the user in the background.

BIOS - Basic Input / Output System is a very small program that starts immediately after a computer is turned on. It checks the hardware and initializes the start of an operating system. In the BIOS settings, configurations can be made, such as the startup order of the various data carriers. Thus one can define that always first from a CD and only afterwards from the non removable disk is to be started.

BCC - blind carbon copy - a copy of an e-mail is sent to other recipients without the recipient knowing to whom the e-mail is still being sent

CC - carbon copy - a copy of an e-mail is sent to all the recipients listed in the header, visible to all.

DOMAIN - translation of the numerical address of a computer on the Internet into a verbal term - domain names are parts of Internet addresses used to call up web pages - a domain consists of an SLD and a TLD

FAQ`s - frequently asked questions - frequently asked questions and answers about a topic

FIREWALL - An external (network or hardware) firewall provides a controlled connection between two networks. This could be, for example, a private network (LAN) and the Internet (WAN); however, it is also possible to connect different network segments of one and the same network. The firewall monitors the data traffic passing through it and decides, based on defined rules, whether certain network packets are allowed through or not. In this way, the firewall tries to protect the private network or network segment from unauthorized access. Apart from rule violations, the function of a firewall is not to detect and prevent attacks. It merely allows only certain communication relationships - based on the sender or destination address and the services used. So-called IDS modules are responsible for detecting attacks, and they can certainly be based on a firewall. However, they are not part of the firewall module. A firewall consists of software and hardware components. Hardware components of a firewall are devices with network interfaces, such as routers or proxies; software components are their operating systems and the firewall software, including their packet or proxy filters.

FRAME - frame - possibility to display the contents of a website in several subwindows

FTP - file transfer protocol - Internet protocol for transferring data

GIF - graphic interchange format - graphic format for displaying Internet content

HTML - hypertext markup language - programming language for creating web pages

HTTP - hypertext transfer protocol - data transfer protocol on the Internet

IP ADDRESS - Internet protocol address - numerical address for unique identification of a computer connected to the Internet

JPEG - joint photographic experts group, format for storing and compressing image files

MPEG - motion picture expert group - file format for storing and compressing moving pictures

MP3 - motion picture expert group 2 layer 3 - method developed by the Frauenhofer Institute for compressing and storing audio files

NIC - Network Information Center - central allocation office for domains

PAGE VIEWS - number of visits of a user to a homepage

POP - post office protocol - protocol for sending e-mails

SECOND LEVEL DOMAIN (SLD) - the actual "name" of a homepage before the TLD

SPAM - Spam or junk is the term used to describe unsolicited messages, usually transmitted electronically, that are sent to the recipient unsolicited and often have promotional content. This process is called spamming or spamming, the originator spammer.

SPYWARE - Spyware (a portmanteau of spy, the English word for spy, and -ware as the ending of software, i.e. programs for the computer; in German, Schnüffelprogramm or -software) usually refers to software that sends a PC user's data to the manufacturer of the software (call home) or to third parties without the user's knowledge or consent, or is used to offer products directly to the user.

SSL - secure sockets layer - procedure for securing Internet protocols.

TCP - transmission control protocol, data transmission protocol on the Internet

TOP LEVEL DOMAIN (TLD) - exists as a country code such as .de or .at (ccTLD - country code top level domain) or as a generic TLD (gTLD) such as .org, .net, .com, .info, .pro; .biz;

TROJAN - A Trojan Horse is a computer program that is disguised as a useful application, but performs another function in the background without the user's knowledge. A Trojan horse belongs to the family of unwanted or harmful programs, the so-called malware. It is often used colloquially as a synonym for computer viruses and as a generic term for backdoors and rootkits, but must be clearly distinguished from them.

URL - uniform resource locator - complete address of an offer on the Internet consisting of the data protocol (http://), the server name (www), the second level domain and the top level domain (.de) and subdirectories.